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Ambient Air Quality

Ambient Air Quality

Air pollution in Delhi is a serious cause of concern for the Government of NCT of Delhi. 

Air Pollution mainly constitutes particulate matter and gases.  Increasing levels of PM2.5 (Particulate Matter of less than 2.5 micron size), PM10 (Particulate Matter of less than 10 micron size), NO2 (Nitrogen dioxide) in ambient air have been in attention of the media, Courts and various other organizations as well as general public. Meteorological factors viz Wind Speed, Wind Direction, humidity, temperature etc also plays a crucial role in the air pollution episodes that happens in the winter months in the whole of North India. It is also evident that Delhi’s Environment is highly influenced by different meteorological phenomena.  In summer, the particulate is influenced by dust storm from Rajasthan and in winter by calm conditions and inversion as well as biomass burning in NCR

DPCC has setup 26 real time Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Stations which are connected to central network of monitoring stations.

Few measures being taken by Department of Environment, GNCTD, to Control Air Pollution in the City are as under:   ·        

  • Whole of Delhi declared as air pollution control area under Air Act. ·        
  • Closure of thermal (coal) based power plants. ·        
  • Gas based Power Plants are being promoted. ·       
  • Increase Green Cover in Delhi. ·       
  • Online monitoring and Emission Control System in Thermal Power Plants, Waste-to-energy Plants, Incinerators etc ·        
  • To receive the public complaints regarding burning of waste material/garbage in open and violations of dust control measures, Delhi Pollution Control Committee (DPCC) has opened “whatsapp account with mobile number “9717593501”.       ·       
  • Implementation of Comprehensive Action plan (CAP) and Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) notified by MoEF & CC, GOI with concerned departments. ·       
  • Direction issued for ban on bursting of firecrackers/ fireworks at all times except on religious occasions. ·       
  • Only the vehicles compliant with BS-VI emission standards are being registered in Delhi. ·        
  • Subsidy to Battery Operated vehicle & e-rickshaws ·       
  • Petrol vehicles more than 15 years old and diesel vehicles more than 10 years old have been phased out. ·       

  •  Public Awareness for Air Pollution Control is being created through Workshops/Seminars/Public notices. ·      

  •   Compliance to Hon’ble Supreme Court, Hon’ble High Court and Hon’ble NGT orders regarding air pollution control. ·        

  • DPCC has been implementing a scheme under which all the industrial units using conventional fuel are being made to switch over to Piped Natural Gas (PNG) a much cleaner fuel. ·       
  • 13 Hotspots namely, Narela, Bawana, Mundka, Wazirpur, Rohini, R.K. Puram, Okhla, Jahangirpuri, Anand Vihar, Vivek Vihar, Punjabi Bagh, Mayapuri and Dwarka have been identified on the basis of Annual concentration of PM2.5&PM10 in Delhi and steps such as  plastic & garbage, Malba / C&D waste removal, road patches and pot holes repair,  De-congestion of congested traffic points, Mechanical road sweeping and Water sprinkling of roads, Closure of polluting & unauthorized industries, Night patrolling to check violations with respect to Bio-mass burning, C&D waste dumping etc, greenery development etc  are taken by all concerned agencies to control air pollution. ·       
  • Air Ambience Fund has been created by levying fee on the sale of diesel at the rate of Re. 0.25 per liter in the NCT of Delhi. The Air Ambience Fund is utilized for promoting clean technologies. ·       
  • Stringent emission norms for industries and thermal power stations ·        
  • Installation of Emission Control System in air polluting industries ·        
  • Burning of leaves/plastics is prohibited. ·       
  • Use of 5 KVA or more capacity of DG set is prohibited from 10 PM to 6AM except in group housing societies. Also, acoustic enclosure has been made mandatory in DG sets  
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